Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was a Prussian-American architect and industrial designer. “Mies”, as he is affectionately called, was the last director of the Bauhaus art school in Berlin when it closed in 1933 under pressure from the anti-modernist Nazis. Mies was a leader of the modernist movement and pioneered the use of materials such as industrial steel components and massive sheets of plate glass. He is remembered for his adherence to two now-famous axioms— “Less is more” and “God is in the details.”
There is no better expression of the minimalism of pure modernist architecture than van der Rohe’s Farnsworth House situated on an idyllic forested site near Plano, Illinois. The design of the Farnsworth House in 1945 was so well regarded that a model of the house was put on display at the Museum of Modern Art in New York four years before it was finally built in 1951.