Walter Gropius was a German architect and leader of the Bauhaus movement of modernist architecture which he pioneered with colleagues Hannes Meyer and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Gropius fled Germany in 1934 eventually settling in the United States where he designed many iconic buildings including the PAN AM Building in New York and the John Fitzgerald Kennedy Federal Building in Boston. In 1938, Gropius was appointed Chair of the Harvard Department of Architecture where he served until his retirement in 1952.
The school of art and design at Dessau, now a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site, was the second of three school campuses for the Bauhaus movement and certainly the most iconic of the three. Designed by Bauhaus founder Walter Gropius, the building remains today the quintessential expression of minimalist Bauhaus ideals — the unification of the principles of mass production with individual artistic vision and the combination of modernist aesthetics and industrial materials with everyday function.
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